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First Grade

 
Reading
 
The student…
  • Reads at or above level 
  • Uses basic elements of phonetic analysis (ex. Hears, segments, substitutes and blends sounds in words)
  • Uses sound/symbol relations and beginning letters (onsets) and patterns (rhymes) as visual cues for decoding
  • Uses context clues to construct meaning (ex. illustrations, knowledge of the story and topic)
  • Uses information from a variety of sources (letters, sounds, pictures, background information, grammar) to figure out unknown words.
  • Develops vocabulary by using references (ex. Illustrations, knowledge of the story and topic) to build upon prior knowledge
  • Uses knowledge of word endings (including s, ing, ed, er, est, ful) to determine word meanings
  • Uses a variety of strategies to comprehend text (ex. Inference, self-monitoring, predicting, retelling, discussing, restating ideas)
  • Knows the main idea or theme and supporting details of a story or information piece
  • Makes inferences based on text and prior knowledge (ex. Regarding traits, feelings, actions of characters)
  • Reads for information used in performing tasks (ex. Directions, graphs, charts, signs, captions)
  • Identifies fiction and non-fiction writing
 
Writing
 
Fluent writers…
  • uses pre-writing strategies independently ( such as brainstorming, webs, etc)
  • participates in the writing process through whole group, small group and independent writing
  • uses beginning, middle and end organizational formats in their stories
  • uses word wall words; sensory words
  • uses conventional spelling with most frequently used words
  • consistent use of spacing, capitalization and punctuation
  • writes for a variety of purposes on their own
  • able to plan, draft, conference, revise, edit, publish
  • creates narrative, informative pieces of writing
  • uses technology/media resources to support learning
Mathematics
 
The student…
 
  • models addition and subtraction situations using a variety of strategies
  • identifies, describes, and applies addition and subtraction as inverse operations
  • creates and uses increasingly sophisticated strategies, and uses properties such as commutative, associative and additive identity, to add whole numbers
  • uses counting strategies, number patterns, and models as a means for solving basic addition and subtraction fact problems
  • compares and orders whole numbers at least to 100
  • represents two digit numbers in terms of tens and ones
  • orders counting numbers, compares their relative magnitudes (size), and represents numbers on a number line
  • uses appropriate vocabulary to compare shapes
  • composes (joins) and decomposes (takes apart) plane and solid figures
  • extends repeating and growing patterns, fills in missing terms, and justifies reasoning
  • measures by using iterations of a unit and counts the unit measure by grouping units
  • compares and orders objects according to descriptors
  • uses mathematical reasoning and beginning understanding of tens and ones
  • solves routine and non-routine problems by acting them out, using manipulative, and drawing diagrams
  • counts by 2s, 5s, and 10s to 100
  • counts combinations of coins up to $1.00
  • tells time to the hour and half hour
 
Science
 
The student…
  • understands that all matter has observable measureable properties
  • recognizes that energy may be changed in form
  • understands that types of motion may be described, measured, and predicted
  • recognizes patterns in weather
  • knows the basic needs of all living things
  • understands how living things interact with their environment
  • uses the scientific process and habits of mind to solve problems
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